An inflammation of the esophagus resulting from regurgitation of gastric contents into the Gastro esophageal reflux is a normal condition that occurs during the walking hours, especially after meals. However, in symptomatic people, the reflux is related to an incompetent lower esophageal sphincter, a band of muscle fibers that closes off the esophagus from the stomach.
Acidic or alkaline gastric contents return to the esophagus through the lower esophageal sphincter and cause the symptoms. Conditions associated with incompetent esophageal sphincters are pregnancy, hiatus hernia, obesity, recurrent or persistent vomiting, and nasogastric tubes. The risk factors include previous esophageal surgery, or esophageal stricture. The incidence is 5 out of 1,000 people.
Indications are heartburn, a burning pain under the sternum, increased by bending, stooping, or eating, relieved by milk or antacids, more frequent or worse at night, belching, regurgitation of food, nausea and vomiting, vomiting blood , hoarseness or change in voice , a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, a cough or wheezing, weight loss (unintentional)
General measures include : weight reduction , avoiding lying down after meals, sleeping with the head of the bed elevated, taking medication with plenty of water, avoiding dietary fat, chocolate, caffeine, peppermint (they may cause lower esophageal pressure),avoiding alcohol and tobacco.
In homoeopathy medicine like Berb Vulg, Lyco, Sarasaperila,Dioscorea are used for the treatment. The proper analysis of the case with the qualified homoeopathic physician will give the better results.